The Science Behind Fat Freezing is a long in-depth topic. This is our shortened version for you to learn as much as possible!
What is fat freezing?
Fat freezing, also referred to as “cryolipolysis,” is a non-invasive cosmetic procedure for reducing fat in a particular area of the body.
The idea of freezing body fat stems from the observation that children experience temporary fat loss in their cheeks (a phenomenon called cold panniculitis) after sucking an ice pop.
The first fat freezing machine was first introduced in 2007. It is now used for body remodeling and is an alternative to liposuction and surgical resection of fat.
How does Fat Freezing work?
The Science Behind Fat Freezing works by controlling the cooling of fat cells to almost 4 degrees Celsius (about 39 degrees Fahrenheit). This destroys fat cells without damaging the skin, nerves, blood vessels, and surrounding muscles. This is because fat-containing body tissue is more susceptible to cold than surrounding water-rich tissue. When they cool down, fat cells undergo cell death and a process called apoptosis.
Apoptosis causes the discharge of inflammatory molecules (cytokines) around the area of the procedure. This is how our bodies “clean” dead dirt.
By mechanisms that are not entirely clear, it is believed that our body naturally processes dead cells for 2-4 months after treatment, transports them through the lymphatic system and eventually kills them. The result is a reduction in the thickness of the fat layer.
During this period, when fat cells gradually disappear, there is generally no increase in blood fat levels (lipids) or a change in liver enzymes. This leads researchers to believe cryolipolysis is a regulated metabolism.
In animal models, selective cooling ensures that inflammatory cells surround and begin to digest injured fat cells within 24 hours of cold treatment. This inflammation disappears approximately 90 days after the procedure. Along with this, the gradual reduction time of body fat after cryolipolysis.
What conditions does cryolipolysis treat?
The ideal person to undergo cryolipolysis for body fat reduction is already relatively fit but has stubborn fat swellings that don’t go away smoothly with diet and exercise. Since cryolipolysis only covers a small area at a time, it should not be used for general weight loss.
of the body:
- Under the chin (double chin)
- Around the bra straps
- Hips (love handles)
- Under the buttocks (banana buns).
Professionals have also used cryolipolysis for other areas, such as lumbar (lower back) rolls, hip rolls, inner thighs, inner knees, arms, and ankles.
What are the possible side effects and risks of cryolipolysis?
There may be temporary redness in the treatment area, which usually should resolve within minutes or hours. Some people may experience bruising and swelling, which disappears after a few weeks.